Equine training program needs to be based on the core principle of horsemanship. Such training needs to be done in pursuit of knowledge to stay progressive. Generally, people want to unleash the possibilities for fun and a lifetime of amazing experiences with horses as part of training. It is highly essential to building a true partnership before we train a horse.
Horses are prey animals their fearful reactions can be well understood as a survival mechanism and should not be punished.Horses are sensitive to the slightest changes in posture, body language, and breathing. Such signals let them know if the human they are working with holds a steady (or unsteady) emotional state. It is believed that horses are naturally highly attuned to everything in their environment. This is a mode of keeping themselves safe.
A horse learns in several ways, such as:
- observational learning
- latent learning
- social learning
- classical conditioning
- operant conditioning
There are several ways to deal with your horse and motivate to win. Horses communicate in various ways such as; body language (posturing), verbal sounds, shared mental images, shared feelings (empathy) and intuitive cognizance, to name the main methods of equine communication. The hallmarks of good training are consistency, clarity, calm, skill and, of course, compassion and kindness. Details are given below;-
- Notice the behaviour of your horse
The quality of our lives is dictated by our thoughts and beliefs. If we judge a horse as bad, then we may think it deserves punishment. Perhaps we think the horse made us look like poor riders or simply made us look foolish. All unwanted behaviour from a horse is a fear-based reaction to something. Either pain (or the anticipation of pain), misunderstanding of a request, too much input at once, never being rewarded for efforts at compliance, frustration and more, can cause a fearful reaction from a horse. Trust, confidence, and authenticity
Confidence is developed over time through appropriately being exposed to new and different circumstances in a thoughtful and safe way. Often this is accomplished with the assistance of a good leader or guide. Over time, the horse needs to be exposed to potentially scary things and new circumstances.
- A True Partnership for life
We, humans, need to tune into our intuition, feelings, visual impressions, sound recognition and interpretations, telepathically received images and more to be really effective communicators with our horses.
- Born to win
It is important that the horse is highly motivated to perform the specific athletic activity at the outset of training and competition. The animal should respond in a highly motivated way to positive and negative reinforcement techniques during training to facilitate modification of athletic activity. However, it is important to identify the individual sensitivity to these reinforces in advance to ensure optimal training strategy.
The performance horse also needs to be motivated at the time of competition, but not to the extent that any restriction of that motivated behaviour has a negative effect on the animal’s physiological or psychological state. Highly motivated horses, however, can be exposed to behavioural modification techniques in order to attenuate specific unwanted behaviours but the animal must be capable of responding to these techniques in a positive way.
The horse learns what he lives, and he lives what he learns. The training programming that started the moment he was born continues with his early experiences with people. These lessons, good or bad, will stay in his emotions, in his programmed responses, if not in his conscious memory.
Trust, great listener, empathy and perfect training is the starting a relationship, with the goal of developing a partnership—for life.